The Constitution of the Russian Federation was adopted on December 12, 1993.

A total of 58,187,755 voters, or 54.8 percent of the registered voters, took part in the referendum on the new draft constitution.

Of this total, 32,937,30 voters, or 58.4 percent of those who took part in the referendum, voted in favour of the draft constitution.

The new constitution came into force on December 25, 1993, at the moment of its official publication.

The adoption of the 1993 Constitution marked the beginning of a new era in the history of Russian statehood.

The Constitution forms the countrys legal foundation, proclaims the President of the Russian Federation the head of state and lays upon him the responsibility for defending the Constitution, human rights and civil liberties, safeguarding Russias sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity, and ensuring the coordinated functioning and cooperation of the state bodies of power.

The constitutional process in Russia


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