The Kremlin was the place where the Russian state was formed. It was and remains the heart of the country’s political life and the center of its culture and history.
In medieval times, the Kremlin was the place where the issue of succession to the throne was decided, where the Boyar Duma held its sessions and where the Church held its councils. Russian tsars were crowned in the Annunciation Cathedral, even once the capital had been shifted to St. Petersburg. By this time the Kremlin’s state role had diminished somewhat, but its significance as the heart of the country remained unchanged.
Russia’s rulers strove to strengthen the Kremlin’s status as the residence of the sovereigns of a great nation.
After the tumult of the early 20th century, Moscow became the capital once again. From 1918, the Kremlin was once more the center of state and political life and the seat of the highest state institutions. Since 1991, the Kremlin has been the residence of the Russian President.